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The Best Time To Book A Plane Ticket, According To A New Study

The same principle holds true for flights to hard-to-reach airports in small cities: There’s little airline competition there, so ticket prices don’t drop nearly as much over their lifespan.. When there’s constant, strong demand for a flight, the researchers explain, airlines have no incentive to lower ticket prices as time goes on.

Since foreign countries are popular destinations with hard-to-reach airports, researchers suggest booking much earlier than the 54 days recommended for domestic flights.

Happy booking, travelers!

At least that’s what the data from 2015 tells us.

The answer? Are you ready? Are you reeeally ready?

This pretty much solidifies the rule that you should avoid booking your ticket within two weeks of a flight. They tracked ticket prices from about 320 days before takeoff all the way up until the day before, calculating precisely which day each one hit its lowest point.

Air travelers tend to believe they’ll find the lowest of low prices when they book “at the last minute.” This, according to all present data, is one hundred percent false.

Fifty-four days before takeoff is, on average, when domestic airline tickets are at their absolute lowest price. WOMP.

The researchers found that, on average, a ticket cost about $200 more when booked within 7 days of departure, compared to tickets booked in the “prime window.” Those who bought tickets between 7 and 13 days before departure paid about $75 more.

Finally, there’s a scientific answer to that magic number of days before a flight when tickets are at their cheapest.

While the researchers found that 54 days was indeed the magic number for booking on average, they’re quick to point out that this isn’t a hard-and-fast rule: your flight’s “best price” window depends a lot on the specific trip you’re taking.

The folks at CheapAir spent the last year analyzing about three million airline trips. And if you don’t hit 54 days on the head, you should usually book between 112 to 21 days before your trip — within the “prime booking window” — for m88 online the lowest possible prices. In this window, ticket prices typically hover near the lowest price they’ll ever reach.

If you’re going somewhere incredibly popular at an incredibly popular time — like spring break in Florida, for example — you should book well before the “prime booking window” even begins

How to Bet Proposition Bets at a Sportsbook by RJ Bell

For example, you can bet on:

It is very important to note that not all the competitors in an event may be listed, so another betting option is on the “field” which includes all other competitors not listed.

Proposition bets for non-team sports are not limited to “Betting to Win” an event and “Matchup Betting” but those are the primary ways to wager on them. An artificial head-to-head matchup involves competitors in an event like a golf tournament or auto race who are indirectly competing against each other since in reality they are competing against everybody in the field, not just one other competitor. These artificial matchups are also fake in the sense that bookmakers are the ones creating them – solely for betting purposes – and different books will often offer different matchups. These are not fixed and are adjusted by sportsbooks several times leading up to the event and are sometimes released months before an event. For more information on how this works, be sure to check out How to Read the Money Line. However, many sportsbooks also offer proposition bets (or props short) for gambling on non-team sports like golf, tennis, boxing and auto racing – including NASCAR – due to their growing popularity. For example, betting on the 2006 Masters golf tournament now might get you much better value on Tiger Woods, who may be 10/1 at this moment but dip to 6/1 closer to the event if he is on a roll. Open tennis tournament, a reasonable money line would require Serena bettors to risk $400 to win $100 while a $100 bet on her opponent would win $360.

Contributed by:

Before every major event in non-team sports like golf, tennis and auto racing, futures are set by oddsmakers.

Matchup Betting

Betting sides and totals on major sports like baseball, basketball and football are the most common wagers available everywhere.

Furthermore, a tennis match would be considered a tournament-style head-to-head matchup since the competitors involved directly play against each other in the event.

As you can see, there’s much more to betting than simply totals and sides, especially when it comes to gambling on non-team sports. A NFL future bet on a team to win the Super Bowl might be 20/1 in the preseason; but by midseason, their odds might decrease to 10/1 if they turn out to be legitimate championship contenders. Betting to Win

For example, if Serena Williams faced an overmatched opponent in the U.S. Since golf and NASCAR both have pre-qualifying, not everybody makes the cut to the final day of competition, and these group matchups require all individuals to qualify in order to be eligible for action.

What team will win the coin toss

RJ Bell

© 2006


An example with team sports would be NFL futures, where you often can get much higher odds on a team by betting before the season starts. In exchange for a lesser payout, field bettors gain the advantages of m88a having more than one entrant that can win for them.

Here’s how the money line would be listed: Serena Williams -400 / #102 Ranked Opponent +360. If her opponent pulls off the upset, $100 bet on the underdog would profit $360 (plus the return of the $100 risked). Unlike team sports such as football, non-team sports also have multiple events over the course of a year, so “Betting to Win” obviously happens much more frequently than a once a year NFL futures bet on the Super Bowl winner does.

What player will score the game’s first touchdown

For non-team sports like golf, boxing, tennis and NASCAR, “Matchup Betting” offers an alternative to simply betting on the event’s winner. So be aware of all your wagering options and don’t miss out on the excitement non-team sports have to offer with prop betting!

What will be the exact margin of victory

Every $400 bet on Serena nets a $100 profit if she wins (plus the return of the $400 risked). The odds on a “field” bet are typically comparable to a bet on the favorite in order to protect sportsbooks from taking a big hit if a major upset occurs. Props, also known as exotic wagers, are also extremely popular on high-profile team sporting events like the Super Bowl in Las Vegas .

Group matchups are another way “matchup betting” is used which is particularly popular in golf and auto racing events like NASCAR, where you can select whether a leading competitor or a few other lesser competitors will finisher higher amongst the group, with the odds again based on money lines. . The two main ways of wagering on non-team sports are “Betting to Win” an event and “Matchup Betting” which pits an individual against another individual or a group of individuals.

“Betting to Win” an outcome event like The Masters is the most common way to wager on individuals competing for a particular non-team title. The same holds true for major team sports like NFL and college football, NBA and college basketball and MLB baseball. The Imperial Palace Casino’s sportsbook is well-known for the enormous number of prop bets offered.

The main advantage of futures is that you can get appealing odds by betting far in advance of when the event takes place. “Matchup Betting” generally involves an individual going up against another individual in a head-to-head event, such as a tennis match, and the odds are determined using the money line. Other examples of props for non-team sports include what racing team will finish highest in a particular NASCAR race (Chevy, Ford or Dodge) or how many rounds will the fight between Mike Tyson and Kevin McBride last (Over/Under 8.5 rounds)

Sports betting odds from 888sport™ always has its customers’ best interests at heart and prides itself in giving a safe, stable and secure environment with excellent customer service and above all a fantastic gaming experience.

This allowed its customers who already enjoy gambling on Poker, Casino and Bingo to also take part in sports betting online.

Bet now, bet on sports, get Free Bet offers with the best online site that is dedicated to UK online betting with the best online betting services in the industry to ensure that making a sports bet experience with 888sport is the best on the internet.

888sport also has a dedicated social media service, which allows players to read about sports betting on the 888sport blog, the Zone; to make online Football Betting or online Horse Racing Betting or any online sports bet with up to the date sports news, odds, scores and links on Twitter; to interact with other 888sport members and take part in competitions for Free Bets, Sports Merchandise and Sports Tickets on Facebook with our own 888sport Fanpage.

Being the most popular betting segments, online Football Betting and online horse betting is foremost in 888sport’s plans and with the unique fun88 iCard, taking part in online horse betting is taken to another dimension, to give racing punters even more of an insight into the ‘Sport of Kings’., founded as one of the first companies to give customers the ability to bet online back in 1998, is one of the most well-respected and trusted of all online gambling operators. There is always something to play for apart from the thrill of winning that will always set 888sport apart from other online sports betting sites and gives customers every reason to make a sport bet.. 888holdings, the parent company, is floated on the London Stock Exchange and so has to adhere to strict rules and regulations, which some competitors may flout but in essence is there to protect the customer. has won a string of awards, the most recent of which is the 2010 most socially responsible operator award run by EGR. Live betting is the future of online sports betting and the ability to bet live is something that 888sport takes very seriously and is looking to increase the number of sporting events and different markets to bet on all the time with hundreds of the best UK online betting odds being provided every day.

In 2008, launched the very popular 888sport brand.

888sport is one of the best online betting sites as it gives premium online betting offers from a terrific welcome bonus on a customer’s first deposit to various promotions that mix online sports betting with events and prizes that customers want to participate in. With a dedicated team of experienced professionals from the online sports betting industry, 888sport has given its customers not only the ability to participate in online football betting and online Horse Racing Betting , but also provides the format for online sports betting for practically any market imaginable, from rugby to swimming or even special bets on the winner of the US Presidential Election to the Oscars.

888sport provides live sport betting odds for scores of events, as they happen, every day, allowing our players to watch sporting events and bet on the outcome as they unfold making it one of the best online sports betting websites

College Football: Pictures, Videos, Breaking News

Builder of products, solver of problems, lover of tech, travel, food and the Philadelphia Eagles

Author and expert in the field of critical thinking and mental toughness training

Writer and digital media professional living in Atlanta

Editor,; Author, ‘They Know Everything About You’

In this week’s Scheer Intelligence podcast on KCRW, Robert Scheer speaks with former USC football player Anthony Davis about living with the brain injuries Davis sustained during his celebrated career.

When I was at the point of giving up on my latest book, Brand New Man: My Weight Loss Journey, I called Nocera for advice. This is especially true after our hugely disappointing loss to the no-nonsense, mistake-free, steady-as-she goes Iowa Hawkeyes on Friday at 90,000-strong Memorial Stadium in Lincoln (Nebraska’s 347th consecutive sellout).

WordPress Specialist, Author of “Spirit & Truth: 52 Encouraging Messages for America’s Law Enforcement”. 2, Alabama Crimson Tide is taking on the No. But all the state is doing is making it less likely its teams will ever win a championship.

At a time when lunch counter sit-ins were met with insults and abuse, peaceful protest marches provoked fire hoses and snarling police dogs, Eddie Robinson urged Grambling athletes and students to go to class, get an education, and be ready for change.

The most important play in Jimbo Fisher’s career wasn’t a Jameis Winston touchdown pass in the Rose Bowl, or a coast to coast Dalvin Cook run. Focus in this area demonstrates the strong commitment our Board of Education, administration, faculty, staff, and coaches have to our core belief in educating the whole child.

Robert Scheer

A number of schools are considering firing their longtime successful coaches, in the hopes of getting a more successful one. Alabama is heavily favored in its fourth championship game since 2009 with Coach Nick Saban, despite having lost one game this season.

Mark Brodinsky

Don McNay

Suffering from “Florida Envy,” Georgia schools and teams think they’re serving their fans with a “win a championship or bust approach,” desperate to keep pace with their Southern neighbors. juniors and sophomores, to drop out of school early, with a potential reward of a multi-year, multi-million dollar contract, or do they do so at their own peril later on?

Adam Davis

Will the Big 12 conference expand from 10 to 12 teams? There will be a meeting on this issue in a few weeks, with a possible decision later this summe…

Political science professor, LaGrange College in Georgia

Political science professor, LaGrange College in Georgia

By Brandon Ferris, Rider University ’18


There are about 70 days and counting until college football starts again.

You might ask you…

Remove the athletes and you remove the profit. It’s not a matter of if, but when, does the bubble burst?

The final College Football Playoff Game is tonight, and the No. The play that changed everything for Fisher and his FSU program was made on a punt against an unranked team.

John A. It’s imminent. Tures

Nothing I say here will assuage the pain of being a Nebraska Cornhusker football fan right now. We are all broken… Tures

Steve Siebold


GM, AOL Alpha/Director of Product, AOL Mobile. Without the athletes, there is no college sports. Fifteen minutes of his insights got me on the right path and the book will be released next week.

We are proud to create as many avenues as possible for our students to learn, grow and succeed. Unreasonable expectations, high turnovers, entitlement, participation trophies. yet at the same time we are all amazing.

Is it worth it for underclassmen, i.e. Helping others find their WHY and their Way.

The ability to know you are more than who you are. 1, Clemson Tigers. Should they do so?

James Marshall Crotty

Drew Lesicko

Everyone is talking about the College Football Playoff, but what about the games leading up to it? Make your predictions on Sage and tune in to see if you were right.

Best selling lottery and structured settlement expert

Forbes Education Columnist; Author, ‘How to Talk American’; Director, ‘Crotty’s Kids’; Co-founder, ‘Monk Magazine’

Like the mortgage industry implosion of 2008, the college football business is an impending disaster. There are no huge sponsorships from big companies like Nike. There is no revenue in ticket sales.

College is 4-ish years of living the dream and FlockU is along for the ride.

Drew Lesicko

GM, AOL Alpha/Director of Product, AOL Mobile. It’s inside each and every one of us.

John A. Builder of products, solver of problems, lover of tech, travel, food and the Philadelphia Eagles

Houston Barber

Father, husband, blogger, author, Emmy Winner, Health Insurance Provider. As much as we are different, we have much in common. The coaches with their million dollar contracts have no one to coach

New gambling record: Betting on outcome of Brexit vote

But the importance, drama and uncertainty that have surrounded this vote have made it a spectator sport in its own right. Polls suggest it is too close to call, while bookies give the “remain” side a higher chance of winning.

Betting exchange Betfair says it had taken 45.8 million pounds in wagers on the E.U. “But my big win is to leave the E.U.”

“This is comfortably the biggest political betting event in history and dwarves both the general election and the Scottish referendum,” says Lewis Davey, spokesman for Paddy Power, referring to the Scottish vote on independence last year.

The betting has also gained the attention of global investors as a gauge of the likelihood of an event’s outcome. It has become increasingly popular, particularly to bet on financial markets.

E.U. The industry is expecting 100 million pounds, or nearly $150 million, to be wagered by the time the result is known in the early hours of Friday.

Betting on political events used to be a niche area in the gambling industry but has become more widespread, particularly in Britain. That’s reflected in financial markets, where stocks and the British pound are relatively buoyant one day before the big event.

Betfair allows people to place wagers against each other rather than setting odds like the traditional bookmakers. That’s particularly true since pollsters have missed badly in measuring sentiment before some of Britain’s most recent votes, the last general election and the Scottish referendum.

Such betting fever is normally associated with major sports events, with people here habitually placing wagers online or in betting shops on everything from horse races to football matches. He was back in the betting shop this week to place additional wagers on behalf of three American friends.

For Stephen Jones, 55, betting is a form of insurance against disappointment. The referendum also outmatches the 35 million pounds placed on the 2014 World Cup Final.

Thursday’s vote on whether to leave the European Union, which will have lasting consequences for the country and Europe, is due to break the record as the most bet-upon political event in Britain’s history.

LONDON — As if the stakes were not high enough in Britain’s nail-biting vote this week, people are betting record amounts of money on its outcome.

The bookies’ odds have largely been in synch with global financial markets. Ladbrokes has seen a tenfold increase in recent years.

“This is a historical event, and I want to take part in it,” said Can Zhao, an investment researcher who last week placed a 135-pound ($198) bet on “remain” at a Ladbrokes betting parlor near London’s Kings Cross train station.

Betfair, bookmakers Ladbrokes and Paddy Power and the Betting Research Unit at Nottingham Business School all estimate that the total value of bets on the vote placed in Britain will reach, and likely exceed, 100 million pounds.

© 2016 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved. Spread betting, on the other hand, does not provide a simple win or lose outcome, but can provide payoffs based on the accuracy of the bet. referendum betting already hit a record for a political event days ago for Betfair, bookmaker BetFred and IG, the largest provider of spread betting services.

Betting is his way to get in on the drama because as a foreign citizen from China he will not have a right to vote. presidential race, which was its previous record for a political event. vote as of Wednesday and expects a final amount of 50 million pounds. While the polls show this week’s vote is too close to call, bookies like Betfair are giving the “remain” side a 76 percent probability of winning. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. That surpasses the 40 million pounds placed on the 2012 U.S.

. He intends to vote to leave the E.U., but has placed bets on “remain” to at least get something in case of his side’s defeat.

“If we are going to remain in the E.U., at least I will take compensation,” said Jones, who expects to get 3,000 pounds back in profit in such an event

Rocky Marciano – InfoBarrel

On those occasions Rocco reached opponents with his right hand, however, they fell down and didn’t get up. 

On August 31, 1969, Marciano planned to interrupt his business circuit and fly back to Florida to celebrate his forty-sixth birthday with his family. They all lived in a two bedroom apartment. Or the estrangement may have developed over Rocky’s running, which may have sprung from a preoccupation with money. There was bad weather and the plane ran low on gas. An obituary in his home state of Massachusetts read:

Rocky’s last big payday was a computerized fight with Muhammed Ali in 1969. He was invited to the White House to meet the President. Rocky kept coming, even after Walcott knocked him down, closed his left eye, and opened cuts on his face that required fourteen stitches to close.

Rocky was generous with people who were down and out, often giving them unsecured loans that were rarely paid back. He said if the man died he would quit fighting. Rocky Marciano was champion.

Marciano was “a kind and decent man.”, He was “inherently a decent, righteous and truly wonderful guy…His innate decency and wholesomeness shine through in a dedicated glow.” Or: “We never cease to be amazed at the humility of Rocky Marciano…he treats everyone if they were the celebrity and he the awed little guy.” Another writer called him “probably the humblest of heavyweight champions.”  Said another: “He reminds you of a great, friendly collie …with the grin of a shy fellow happy to be recognized, at last, as a member of the gang in good standing.” He was “the gentlest athlete I have ever known,” and again: “a man of simplicity and sincerity.”


An investigation into the crash of the Cessna in NewtonIowa cited pilot inexperience as the cause of the crash. The pilot had not flown at night before, became confused by the bad weather, and attempted to land in a field rather than the Newton airport. 

Five months after Marciano’s death “The Superfight” debuted in theaters. Rocco inherited his father’s toughness, for he survived a deadly bout of pneumonia when he was two. It is difficult to win a fight when you can’t reach your opponent. Then he was cut from the Chicago Cubs farm system. Rocco’s biggest limitation was arms so short they were almost stubby. Rocco slept in the living room with the windows open, even in the winter, as if in defiance of his bout with pneumonia.

He rarely saw his wife and children; or his parents, brothers, and sisters. Rocky never wrote anything down, he tried to keep track of his loans in his head, and sometimes forgot who owed him, and how much. The Marchegiano’s had five more children after Rocco: Alice, Connie, Elizabeth, Louis, and Peter. Marciano went back into training and bought a toupee. At the time many children died of pneumonia, but Rocco eventually recovered, and Lena kept her promise.

Perhaps it was his simplicity that allowed him to retire after beating everyone worth fighting. One sportswriter said Marciano brought the “austere, sackcloth-and -ashes approach of a monk” to his training.

His upbringing was steeped in Italian customs and traditions. Rocky seemed too busy to be home.

He and Lena settled in Brockton, a small city twenty miles south of Boston. Marciano spent hours at his opponent’s hospital bed, and in church praying for the man’s life. He  hit his opponents on the break, after the bell, and below the belt. Rocky hadn’t fought or trained for fourteen years. And Brockton loved him right back, at least in part because many of them became rich betting on Rocky’s fights. 

Lena prayed to St. He usually didn’t pay anything for his cross-country trips: no plane fare, hotel fare, or meals. Several opponents quit boxing after being knocked out by Marciano. Rocco was in his twenties, when most fighters hit their peak. Skehan, Rocky Marciano, Biography of a First Son, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, 1977. 

While sportswriters criticized Marciano’s boxing shortcomings, no one criticized his character, as the following quotes show:

Marciano’s determination in the Walcott fight showed the world the new champion’s character and personality. Once, as a joke, the reigning sex symbol, Jayne Mansfield, was smuggled into a room where Marciano sat, alone. He was undersized for a heavyweight. Marciano’s body was found pinned beneath the wreckage. Rocky was a brawler. Ali complained about his ‘loss’, alleging the computer was made in Alabama. 

Marchegiano went to New York and met Al Weill, a boxing manager who tried to Americanize his name. Before the fight Marciano met with a priest, who after their meeting said: “That boy is no ordinary prizefighter, he is one of the most dignified, straightforward people I have ever met in my life. He would interrupt his training schedule to attend Mass. Ali later said that Marciano punched so hard he was sore for days after. He made sure the people who invited him paid for everything.

 Which heavyweight boxing champion in the last century knelt on his knees to pray to St. He knocked out nine of his early opponents in the first round. Yet even after he had enough money Rocky went after more. The pilot landed the plane in a field in Newton, Iowa, and rammed into a lone tree in the middle of the field. It hit Walcott’s jaw with the sound of a baseball bat. She and her friends prayed the Rosary at the child’s bedside and waited. Rocky slowly became a better boxer, but it was his punching power that kept him undefeated. A few minutes later she came out complaining: “What is he, crazy? He didn’t want anything to do with me.” Marciano seemed more comfortable in the company of clergy than actresses. His fanaticism about physical conditioning,  along with his determination and punching power, led to an unequalled record for a heavyweight champion: forty-nine professional wins, no defeats, forty-three victories by knockout. Yet his retirement years revealed a man who seemed simple, but often was not.

* * * 

Outwardly Marciano’s life after boxing was quite successful – unlike many fighters, he kept his money and his wits. Until Rocco put Brockton on the national map, his hometown was best known for its shoe factories. After the Rock retired he kept running.

After serving as a GI in World War II, Rocco played minor league baseball. The nicest thing about being champ, he said, “is that people like you.”  Everyone but boxing experts, who found Rocky’s style too crude to suffer. Then Rocky and Ali sparred 70 rounds for the camera, simulating different endings to the fight. It was an incredible run. He backed Walcott into the ropes. He golfed with priests, helped promote parish functions, even lunched with Cardinal Spellman. Life magazine called him “pure of speech” and “a clean living boy.” He was elsewhere described as “astonishingly innocent,” and “totally without deception, totally without guile.” He didn’t drink or smoke; in fact, when a host at a party for Marciano in Brockton offered the champ a drink, Rocky replied, “If you don’t mind, I’ll take an apple.” 

Russell Sullivan, Rocky Marciano, The Rock of His Times, 2002, University of Illinois Press, Urbana and Chicago.

Marciano’s character was on display in his first fight with Walcott, which was a classic. Even as champion he came to the ring in a robe bearing the colors of BrocktonHigh School (even though he dropped out in the tenth grade). He was awkward in the ring. Although he left thousands (some claim hundred of thousands) of dollars stashed away or buried underground, none of it was found to aid Barbara and the children, who were impoverished after Rocky’s death.

In 1976 Sylvester Stallone began his “Rocky” franchise. He even had a role in a movie. Asked about his reaction when flying shrapnel hit his jaw and snapped off some teeth, Pierino replied, “I just spit them out and kept coming.” 

Far behind on points late in the fight, Rocky needed a knockout to win. Pierino’s exposure to mustard gas during combat changed his life, but not his toughness. At the last minute Rocky decided to squeeze in an appearance at a steak house in Des Moines, Iowa. Lena’s doctor said she could have no more children; this put a fine edge on her concern for Rocco’s health.

As he continued to successfully defend his title, Marciano gradually drew respect from critics. He boarded a small, single engine Cessna. The 1963 issue of Boxing Illustrated claimed: “Marciano’s knockout blow packs more explosive energy than an armour-piercing bullet and represents as much energy as would be required to spot lift 1000 pounds one foot off the ground.”  Although this sort of ‘science’ was probably conducted by zealous Marciano fans, it is undeniably true that Rocky hit really hard.) 

Not that there is anything particularly Catholic about being a teetotaler.  It’s just that Marciano, though intelligent, was a very simple man who never forgot where he came from. There would be good food, a nice check for a few words, and still enough time to fly back for his birthday. His marriage was strained. Rocco refused but eventually he tired of having his name misspelled and mispronounced, and allowed his name to be shortened to Rocky Marciano. Anthony before his first title fight, read The Confessions of St. He didn’t trust lawyers or accountants, and preferred to deal in cash. Walcott collapsed to the canvas and was counted out. He had no boxing skills. Once he hit a man so hard he almost killed him. Rocky always apologized, but the fouling continued.

Rocky was an old school Catholic. He would never be a classic boxer, but he worked unceasingly at improving his craft, and trained relentlessly. The famous sportswriter Jimmy Cannon observed that Marciano trained “like a man practicing a holy ritual.” Before fights he would slip away to a church or chapel to pray. Equally unique, Marciano never came out of retirement to challenge subsequent champions, a temptation very few ex-champions have overcome, much less succeeded at.

He was born Rocco Francis Marchegiano (Mark a-jahn-o) on September 1, 1923, the second son (the first died shortly after childbirth) of Pierino and Lena Marchegiano, first generation Italian immigrants who came to America after the first World War. His parents loved opera, ate Italian food, and had wine with dinner. As a boy Rocco was preoccupied with his physical condition. Marciano stepped inside and beat Walcott to the punch with a short right hand that traveled maybe eight inches. And he could be incredibly tight with a buck. He was famous, successful, and well thought of. 

Rocky ran from an early age. When he wasn’t playing sports he was running and exercising.

Marciano died without a will. The computer’s result: Marciano knocked out Ali in the thirteenth round. Anthony for her son’s recovery, promising to give up her diamond engagement ring if Rocco recovered. He was a near-classic example of the triumph of classic virtues (Boston Herald Traveler, September, 1969).” 

Maybe Rocky ran to avoid an estranged relationship with Barbara. His wife, Barbara, was unable to have the large family Rocky wanted. The pilot and his two passengers were instantly killed. She smoked too, and developed a glandular problem. He even used a coat hanger to stuff money inside curtain rods.

The doctor was wrong. Augustine before defending his title, and said: “The biggest thrill I could think of would be an audience with the pope?” . The man recovered, but never fought again.

(An experiment was performed on Rocky’s punching power. He retained his public life, crisscrossing across the country to give speeches, participate in benefits, and conduct business. The sparring film would be spliced together to match the computer outcome of the fight – a closely guarded secret that would not be revealed until “The Superfight” aired in theaters.

“In this age of the anti-hero and the non-hero, Rocky Marciano was the hero with whom the mass of Americans could readily identify, the hero who surmounted all difficulties by dint of hard work, dedication and perseverance. His friends said the only thing Rocky was afraid of was being poor. Walcott bounced off and threw a hard left hand. At the time boxing was a diversion, a way to make a few bucks to help out his family. Sometimes he would cover his chin and hands with St. The people of the world should be informed of this boy’s character and personality.” 

The answer: Rocky Marciano, heavyweight boxing champion from 1952 to 1956, when at age thirty-three he retired with a perfect record (49-0, with 43 knockouts). Rocky didn’t trust banks, either, so he hid his cash: in the ground, inside toilet tanks, in light fixtures. Jude’s oil while in his corner waiting for the start of that fight. 

Everett M. Stallone credited Chuck Wepner’s losing effort in a fight with Muhammed Ali as the inspiration for the film, yet the similarities of Rocky Balboa to Rocky Marciano are numerous and obvious. 

After knocking out an old Joe Louis, Rocky got a title shot. Barbara missed Rocky, and drank too much. Ali was in retirement too, after having his title stripped for refusing the draft. The champion was Jersey Joe Walcott, a ring veteran most experts picked to beat Marciano easily. Although he enjoyed being champion, Marciano remained unchanged. They had one daughter, but Barbara miscarried when Rocky was away, and wasn’t able to have any more children, although the two did adopt a boy (Rocky Jr.). Walcott’s experience kept Marciano off-balance and sometimes made him look ridiculous. Yet he used a wire to try to get coins back he used to make telephone calls

Gametime Powers the Ultimate College Football Road Trip for Utah Brothers

“Having the

opportunity explore the college football landscape together and

experience the pageantry and tradition that makes college football so

special, we wanted to take this brief window in life to press pause on

career and pursue the ultimate college football fan experience.”

SAN FRANCISCO–(BUSINESS WIRE)–With an unrelenting passion for college football, some very strategic

planning and a bit of reckless abandon, Jameson and Mitch Ritter of Salt

Lake City will embark on the Gametime Ultimate College Football Road

Trip starting this Thursday, Sep. Considering the many personal and professional

variables to spending four months traversing the country, the pair has

devoted the remainder of 2016 to pursue this dream.

Following the Utah-Southern Utah opener, the Ritters will travel

southeast to Houston for the Advocare Texas Kickoff between #3 Oklahoma

and #15 Houston at NRG Stadium at 11 a.m CT on Saturday Sept.

Connect with Gametime on Twitter,



and Instagram.

Gametime, the leading app for on-demand mobile ticketing, is supporting

the pair with ticket credits to get them to as many games as possible. On Sunday, the boys head south once again to watch #10

Notre Dame visit Texas in Austin. kickoff between #1 Alabama and #20 USC in the

Cowboys Classic. Syracuse) in

Syracuse, NY and Heinz Field (Pitt vs. Gametime curates the best

values, presents them with in-seat panoramic views, an ultra-fast

two-tap purchase process and delivers tickets directly to smartphones

(eliminating printing). The duo will travel in a Gametime branded Winnebago and serve

as brand ambassadors throughout their journey.

“This is such a great idea that I’m mad at them for doing it! I will be

watching them with envy and admiration,” remarked Will Leitch.

. Gametime mobilizes fans for live events to over 1000+

teams and artists in more than 50 markets throughout the U.S. 3. From our playing days through high school

and college football Saturdays, football has always been a part of

lives,” said Jameson Ritter, 28, and eldest Ritter brother. The 25,000+ mile journey will

include watching over 70 teams from 11 conferences in 15 weeks, totaling

50 game day experiences.

About Gametime

To see the entire Ultimate College Road Trip schedule visit

Follow the Ritter’s amazing journey on social media at @TheRitterBros or


Beyond the pure enjoyment of the experience is the quest for a Guinness

World Record for the “Most Collegiate Football (American) Games Attended

in One Season”. In the first weekend alone the Ritters will watch three of the

most marquee games in the country, two in the same day.


is leading innovation for last minute, on-demand tickets to live

entertainment. Gametime transformed the ticket purchase experience for mobile,

launching in 2013 to create the most efficient access for fans to come

together for entertainment experiences. Penn State) in Pittsburgh.

The Ritter brothers journey kicks off at Rice-Eccles Stadium as Utah

hosts Southern Utah on the first day of the 2016 college football

season. Week Two sees the pair heading

northeast for games at the Carrier Dome (#19 Louisville vs. and

Canada. The formal record attempt was submitted in June and is

under review by the Guinness Records review board for verification.

The Ritters began devising their strategy in early 2016, inspired by

Deadspin founder and SportsOnEarth senior editor Will

Leitch’s article series plotting a hypothetical season long college

football journey. 1. Featured as a top-rated app on iOS and Android,

Gametime believes the world gets better when people have fun together.

The Ritters will utilize the Gametime app to find their tickets on the

road, likely at the last minute to find the best deals and stretch their

dollars. “We couldn’t be more excited to tackle this adventure together! Growing

up in a football hotbed state like Ohio, our Fall’s have always been

structured around football.

Immediately after, the brothers will head north on I-45 to Arlington and

AT&T Stadium for a 7 p.m

Don’t Be a Square: 10 Tips for Betting on Football

Research Football Services – “Most sports services realize that most people who sign up with them are insecure,” Gordon warns. “Common wisdom says that over the course of a long football season the average man or woman will pick approximately 50 percent winners. In fact, sports bettors must pick 52.4 percent winners just to break even.”

Although exact figures are impossible to calculate, according to Jimmy Vaccaro, widely considered to be Las Vegas’ most influential bookmaker, Americans probably wager more than $50 billion a year on NFL and college football combined.

“The biggest mistake that amateur bettors make is they increase their bets when they are losing,” Sevransky says. If you want advice about sports betting, find someone who has a successful track record. “There will be more discrepancy in the numbers at different sports books. “Over the course of several seasons, the percentage of bettors who turn a profit is minuscule.”

And remember, in the immortal words of “Fast” Eddie Felson, “Money won is twice as sweet as money earned.”

8. And why not? We have unconditional love for the sport and betting $50 or $100 on a game adds an extra rush of adrenaline. “If you become an expert on a smaller conference like the WAC, you have a good chance to beat the house because sports book operators do not have the time or resources to follow this conference the way you can.

However, Konik adds that there are some bettors who actually know how to beat the bookies. The payout is just the same as far as he is concerned.

Ted Sevransky, a well-known Las Vegas gambler and sports consultant with, agrees.

Michael Konik, a sports writer and best-selling author of The Smart Money (Simon & Schuster 2006), explains why it is so hard for the recreational gambler to win at betting on football.

Even Hollywood is not immune – think Two for the Money with Al Pacino and Matthew McConaughey.

“A square or recreational player might have a vague plan, but after two Corona’s he will definitely run to the window and make a hasty decision on the USC-Notre Dame game because he wants to be involved in the party atmosphere,” Vaccaro says.

Another difference between squares and sharps is how they approach betting on game day.

“A sharp or smart has a plan of what he wants to do,” says Vaccaro, the director of sports operations and public relations at Lucky’s Race and Sports Book in Las Vegas. Shop For Numbers – “Another important aspect of betting on football is shopping for the best number,” Moseman explains. “Thus, the bookies love and cherish the squares.”


While these tips don’t guarantee you’re going to win, hopefully they can make you a little less square and a little more sharp in your picks this season.

7. “For example, if you have a $1,000 bankroll for the season, you should generally bet no more than $50 a game.”

Certainly not back into the pockets of the average bettor. There is a wealth of information on the Internet; it is just up to you to find it and research it daily.”


Moseman agrees and especially likes home underdogs. “He is not jaded by teams and does not bet with his heart. “When you’re in a good rhythm and winning, you want to increase your bets. Money Management – “This is without a doubt the most important aspect of betting on sports and possibly the most neglected,” says Morey “Doc” Moseman, a professional gambler and sports consultant with for nearly 40 years. To be a successful sports bettor you need to operate with a clear mind.”

But that doesn’t mean you have to bet like a “square” and throw away your hard-earned money.

9. There are almost an infinite number of scenarios that can happen in a single football game. Giving 11 to 10 odds is almost always the cheapest price you can give.”

6. If you like an underdog, it is best to get your bet in as late as possible, where there is heavy action from squares on favorites. “Teams play inspired ball at home. “In trying to bamboozle potential customers, many services make claims about having scouts all over the country that give them inside information and promise 70 or even 80 percent winners, as if the bookmakers were the biggest suckers in the world. “Squares usually bet later in the week and they tend to pick the favorites. Drinking and Gambling Don’t Mix – “There is a reason the casinos in Las Vegas supply you with free drinks while you are gambling,” Moseman says.

But even though the math says it’s virtually impossible to win on a consistent basis, Americans continue to bet on football. If North Texas is his best bet on a Saturday then that is his bet. Locks Don’t Exist – “Anyone who has watched sports for about a month realizes that the difference between winning and losing, especially against the spread, can be infinitesimally small,” Gordon says.

3. “The key to proper money management is to be sure not to bet more than you can afford to lose.”

5. Avoid Chasing Bets – “Don’t do it! There is no worse way to mismanage your bankroll than to chase your bets after a losing day,” cautions Moseman on the dangerous practice of trying to immediately win back your losses. They use powerful computers that can process millions of bits of data and produce a more accurate point-spread line than the bookmakers.”

Also, it’s probably a good idea to disregard advice from the myriad of ex-players and football experts you see on television each week. Not all games work according to this formula, but it is usually a good rule of thumb.”

“In an average season, fewer than one bettor in twelve turns a profit,” Gordon says.

“The talking heads on TV know nothing about sports betting,” says Sevransky. The only locks that exist are those that need keys to open them.”

“A square is the average, unsophisticated gambler whose decision making is based on hunches, media manipulation, or spurious systems that cannot overcome the bookmaker’s inherent mathematical advantage,” Konik explains. Otherwise, you’re better off doing your own research.”

Newspapers and popular sports sites routinely publish the lines or point spreads for games, and football insiders offer their picks to viewers each week on ESPN and other cable networks.

And where does all that money go?

So, how much should you bet a game?

“There is probably no better bet in sports than playing an underdog at home,” Moseman says. The only touts bettors should consider are the ones who talk about the long haul and realistic winning percentages, which are in the upper 50 percent to lower 60 percent range.”

So, how much are we gambling each football season?

“The standard bet requires gamblers to lay $11 for every $10 they want to win with the extra $1 or 10 percent known as the juice,” Konik says. “As for me, the best bet in football is betting the point spread or over/under totals on individual games. So underdogs tend to be slightly undervalued – except by the sharps.”

“Most people with an understanding of football gambling bet between 3 percent and 5 percent of their bankroll, increasing when they win and reducing when they lose,” Vaccaro says.

10. Focus on Conferences – “The best way to win money betting football is to develop a niche and follow it closely,” Moseman advises. These books change their numbers according to the betting patterns of their customers, so it is not entirely uncommon to find two or three point differences in the lines.”

“The bookies fear and despise a tiny coterie of professional bettors known as ‘the sharps,’” Konik says. “Most people prefer to bet on the ‘better’ team, the one that will probably win the game. The NFL, for example, will have very similar numbers at most of the betting shops you visit.

So, is it possible for the average square to become a little sharper in making football bets this season? According to professionals like Vacarro, Konik and Gordon, amateur bettors have the best chance to win if they demonstrate a little patience and follow the 10 basic tips below. Thanks to the juice, the only one who profits in this scenario is the bookmaker. “If you listen to their advice, you are sure to lose. Big underdogs often find ways to cover the spread and they rarely give up toward the end of a game in front of the home crowd.”

. He loses year after year, according to Dan Gordon, a top football handicapper and author of How to Beat the Sports Books (Cardoza Publishing 2005). Oakland comes to mind) seem like the Super Bowl. He is not taken in by being involved in USC-Notre Dame just because it is the biggest watched game of the day. Also, being “in action” can make a dull late-afternoon game (Buffalo vs. If you are going to go with a favorite, it is best to place your bet early in the week when the sharps are laying heavy money on the points. On college you will be able to find different lines at different sports books. Bet at the Right Time – “The sharp bettors tend to bet underdogs, and they tend to bet them early,” Moseman says. Chasing losses is the fastest way to the poor house.”

4. Slim underdogs regularly win outright. “In the NFL, a game will often be totally turned around by one or two plays, or even a single penalty. Avoid Exotic Bets – “For very skilled handicappers, with a proven track record, there can, at least in theory, be value in betting parlays,” says Gordon on the type of bet that combines two or more individual wagers.

Betting on football games; whether it’s through a local bookie, an offshore Internet site or a Nevada casino (still the only legal place in America to make football bets), most of us have done it or know of someone who has. But, when you’re struggling, that’s when you want to reduce your bet size until you get out of your slump. “The sharps are usually members of a betting syndicate privy to the most up-to-date information on injuries, weather, game plans, and, most important, the real power of the teams involved. “Because alcohol clouds your judgment and usually helps you to make rash decisions you usually wouldn’t otherwise make. Consider Underdogs – “In the long-run, it’s easier to win betting on the underdog,” Konik says

College Football

Die Spiele der Studenten an den ,,Ivy League”-Elite-Universitäten der Ostküste wurden populär, ab den 1890er Jahren waren 30.000 Zuschauer keine Ausnahme. In einem dramatischen Finale erlief der texanische Quarterback Vince Young in den letzten vier Minuten 14 Punkte und sorgte so höchstpersönlich für den 41:38-Sieg der Texas Longhorns und für eine ,,Vergeltung” seiner Niederlage in der Wahl zur Heisman Trophy gegen den Trojaner Reggie Bush, der im Spiel weniger überzeugen konnte.



 Commons: College football - Album mit Bildern, Videos und Audiodateien

NCAAF Teams – Football Conferences – (Memento vom 14. Simpson gehörte. Jedes Spieljahr wird dabei gesondert benannt – ein Spieler im ersten Spieljahr wird Freshman genannt, im zweiten Jahr wird er zum Sophomore, im dritten und vierten Jahr zum Junior beziehungsweise Senior. (Die traditionellen Bezeichnungen “I-A” und “I-AA” werden inoffiziell weiterhin gebraucht.) Die Elite-Universitäten der Ivy League, die in der Gründerzeit dominiert haben, konnten mit Dartmouth zuletzt 1925 eine (geteilte) Meisterschaft verzeichnen und sind sportlich bestenfalls noch zweitklassig (Div I-AA).

Spieler, die ein Studienjahr nicht aktiv waren und erst im zweiten Studienjahr in den Kader gelangten, werden Redshirt genannt. Aus diesem Denkanstoß entwickelten sich dann Canadian Football und American Football.

4 Bowls & Meisterschaft

5 Meisterschaften

6 Weblinks


Früher haben die Bowl-Veranstalter Einladungen zur Teilnahme an den inzwischen über 30 Spielen um den Jahreswechsel herum nach ihren Traditionen oder Verträgen und somit unkoordiniert verteilt. enthalten ist. Hier eine Auflistung:

Mit College Football wird seit über 100 Jahren der American-Football-Spielbetrieb an US-Universitäten und -Colleges bezeichnet. Insbesondere die Einführung des Vorwärts-Passes markierte die Trennung vom Rugby endgültig. In den Anfangsjahren des College Football betrug die Spieldauer in der Regel drei Jahre.

Trotzdem gab es zuletzt nach der Saison von 2003 eine geteilte Meisterschaft: Die LSU Tigers mit 13:1-Bilanz und Sugar-Bowl-Sieg wurden von der Bowl Championship Series (BCS) und ESPN favorisiert, während die USC Trojans mit 12:1 und Rose-Bowl-Sieg von Associated Press vorne gesehen wurden.



. Die Spieldauer in der Footballmannschaft bleibt aber auf vier aktive Jahre beschränkt, womit auch die damit verbundenen Stipendien entfallen und Studiengebühren bezahlt werden müssen.

Der Ursprung des College Footballs wird allgemein zurückdatiert auf den 6. Aus diesem Grund spielen die Profis nur Sonntag (bzw. Der US-Präsident Theodore Roosevelt höchstpersönlich erzwang daraufhin Regeländerungen, die das Spiel sicherer machen sollten. Zu der Zeit gab es auch schon außeruniversitäre Wettkämpfe mit ersten professionellen Ansätzen, die jedoch noch mehrere Jahrzehnte lang im Schatten des College Footballs stehen sollten. So wurde die Spielerzahl auf elf festgelegt, der exklusive Ballbesitz für mindestens drei Versuche eingeführt und die Angriffsformation mit sieben Spielern an der Linie und vier im Rückraum üblich. So konnten an Neujahr 1902 die ungeschlagenen Michigan Wolverines durch einen Sieg gegen Stanford Cardinal die erste Meisterschaft für ein Nicht-Ivy-League-Team verbuchen.

Als wichtigste von diversen Auszeichnungen wird seit 1935 die Heisman Trophy an den besten Spieler eines Jahrgangs vergeben, zu deren Gewinnern auch O.J. Zur BCS gehört neben diesen vier Spielen außerdem das BCS National Championship Game zur Ermittlung des Landesmeisters.

Dazu kommen die NCAA Independents, die früher zahlreicher waren. In den 1990er Jahren war dies dreimal der Fall, denn die bisherigen Kooperationen hatten kein Aufeinandertreffen der Favoriten ergeben. In der Rose Bowl etwa trat traditionsgemäß der Sieger der fernen Big Ten gegen den der heimischen Pac Ten an. Diese sind neben den Army Black Knights, den BYU Cougars, den UMass Minutemen (2016), und traditionell auch die legendären Notre Dame Fighting Irish.

College-Football-Spiel zwischen den Colorado State Rams und den Air Force Falcons

Diese Ligen sind reine Nachwuchsligen. Das Risiko, ohne Studienabschluss die Schule zu verlassen, gehen in der Regel Spieler ein, die sich bereits nach drei Spieljahren Chancen ausrechnen, in der National Football League (NFL) einen Vertrag erhalten zu können.


Bowls & Meisterschaft

College Football wird von der National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) und der National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) organisiert. Die Colleges werben damit um talentierte Nachwuchsspieler. Hunderte von einheimischen Hochschulen nehmen am Spielbetrieb teil, da der Sport einen wichtigen Anteil an der Identitätsbildung der jungen Erwachsenen hat und zudem eine nicht unerhebliche Einnahmequelle für die Bildungsanstalten ist.

Die maßgebende Persönlichkeit beim American Football war dabei Walter Camp, der ab 1876 als Spieler, Trainer und Funktionär an der Yale-Universität dessen Entwicklung (und die anderer Sportarten) bis 1925 entscheidend prägte. Spieler, die ihr Studium abbrechen und damit die Anzahl der Spieljahre verkürzen, werden als Underclassman bezeichnet. vom US-Präsidenten geehrt wird (siehe Filmszene in Forrest Gump). Um das Jahr 1912 hatte der Football dann die heutige Form angenommen. So werden die Spiele der bedeutendsten College-Mannschaften samstags live im US-Fernsehen übertragen und haben über 100.000 Zuschauer. Die Geschichte des American Footballs wurde größtenteils an diesen Studieneinrichtungen geschrieben, da die Profi-Footballer der National Football League (NFL) erst in den 1930er Jahren abweichende Regeln einführten.

Pac-12 Conference (Arizona Wildcats, Arizona State Sun Devils, California Golden Bears, Oregon Ducks, Oregon State Beavers, Stanford Cardinal, UCLA Bruins, USC Trojans, Washington Huskies, Washington State Cougars, Colorado Buffaloes, Utah Utes)

Big Ten Conference (Illinois Fighting Illini, Indiana Hoosiers, Iowa Hawkeyes, Maryland Terrapins, Michigan Wolverines, Michigan State Spartans, Minnesota Golden Gophers, Nebraska Cornhuskers, Northwestern Wildcats, Ohio State Buckeyes, Penn State Nittany Lions, Purdue Boilermakers, Rutgers Scarlet Knights, Wisconsin Badgers)

Big 12 Conference (Baylor Bears, Iowa State Cyclones, Kansas Jayhawks, Kansas State Wildcats, Oklahoma Sooners, Oklahoma State Cowboys, TCU Horned Frogs, Texas Longhorns, Texas Tech Red Raiders, West Virginia Mountaineers)

Atlantic Coast Conference (Boston College Eagles, Clemson Tigers, Duke Blue Devils, Florida State Seminoles, Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets, Louisville Cardinals, Miami Hurricanes, North Carolina Tar Heels, North Carolina State Wolfpack, Pittsburgh Panthers, Syracuse Orange, Virginia Cavaliers, Virginia Tech Hokies, Wake Forest Demon Deacons)

Southeastern Conference (Alabama Crimson Tide, Arkansas Razorbacks, Auburn Tigers, Florida Gators, Georgia Bulldogs, Kentucky Wildcats, Louisiana State Tigers, Ole Miss Rebels, Mississippi State Bulldogs, Missouri Tigers, South Carolina Gamecocks, Tennessee Volunteers, Texas A&M Aggies, Vanderbilt Commodores)

American Athletic Conference (Cincinnati Bearcats, Connecticut Huskies, East Carolina Pirates, Houston Cougars, Memphis Tigers, Navy Midshipmen (nur Football), SMU Mustangs, South Florida Bulls, Temple Owls, Tulane Green Wave, Tulsa Golden Hurricane, UCF Knights)

Mountain West Conference (Air Force Falcons, Boise State Broncos, Colorado State Rams, Fresno State Bulldogs, Hawaii Rainbow Warriors (nur Football), Nevada Wolf Pack, New Mexico Lobos, San Jose State Spartans, San Diego State Aztecs, UNLV Rebels, Utah State Aggies, Wyoming Cowboys)

Sun Belt Conference (Appalachian State Mountaineers, Arkansas State Red Wolves, Coastal Carolina Chanticleers (2017), Georgia Southern Eagles, Georgia State Panthers, Idaho Vandals (nur Football), Louisiana-Lafayette Ragin’ Cajuns, Louisiana-Monroe Warhawks, New Mexico State Aggies (nur Football), South Alabama Jaguars, Texas State Bobcats, Troy Trojans)

Conference USA (FIU Panthers, Florida Atlantic Owls, Louisiana Tech Bulldogs, Marshall Thundering Herd, Middle Tennessee Blue Raiders, North Texas Mean Green, Old Dominion Monarchs, Rice Owls, Southern Miss Golden Eagles, UAB Blazers (2017), UTEP Miners, UTSA Roadrunners, Western Kentucky Hilltoppers)

Mid-American Conference (Akron Zips, Ball State Cardinals, Bowling Green Falcons, Buffalo Bulls, Central Michigan Chippewas, Eastern Michigan Eagles, Kent State Golden Flashes, Miami RedHawks, Northern Illinois Huskies, Ohio Bobcats, Temple Owls, Toledo Rockets, Western Michigan Broncos)

Mehrfach konnten jedoch am Ende mehrere Teams (ungeschlagen oder auch mit einer Niederlage) die Meisterschaft beanspruchen. Die einen Kritiker monieren, dass damit einseitig sportlich Begabte gegenüber anderweitig Begabten bevorzugt werden, andere wiederum, dass die Unis mit diesen relativ billigen Pseudo-Profis Mannschaften aufstellen, die Millionenbeträge an Fernseheinnahmen erwirtschaften.

Die wichtigste Division I setzt sich aus über 120 Mannschaften zusammen, die sich in Conferences zu meist zehn bis zwölf Teilnehmern zusammengeschlossen haben. Die Spielfelddimensionen wurden an das neugebaute Stadion von Harvard angepasst.

Da die Mannschaften ihre typischerweise zehn bis zwölf Spiele größtenteils unabhängig voneinander in ihren Conferences austragen, werden durch Umfragen bei Journalisten (Associated Press, United Press International), Trainern und anderen diverse Rankings der besten 25 Teams der USA erstellt.

aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie

College Football wird an Hunderten von Universitäten gespielt, die von der NCAA in die Divisionen Division I – Bowl Subdivision (bis 2005: Division I-A), Division I – Championship Subdivision (bis 2005: I-AA), Division II und Division III eingeteilt werden. Gespielt wurden ca. Derzeit sind vier Teams unabhängig in der Gestaltung ihres Spielplans. Einige bekannte Universitäten (Pennsylvania State University, University of Miami) haben sich Ligen angeschlossen, andere sind ausgetreten. Die Spieler, die in diesen spielen, bekommen kein Gehalt.

Nach der Saison 2005 wurden die Meister der beiden Vorjahre, die USC Trojans, als Erstplatzierte vor den Texas Longhorns eingeschätzt. Ein Touchdown zählte fortan sechs Punkte. am Montag und Donnerstag, an dem jeweils nur ein Spiel stattfindet).

Siehe auch: Unterschiede in den Regelwerken der NFL und der NCAA


Akademische Elite-Unis wie Harvard University vergeben keine Sportstipendien, so dass kaum ein Absolvent später in einer Profiliga spielt, andererseits aber auch niemand einen Abschluss nur dank seines Sporttalents erhält.

1 Geschichte

2 Struktur

3 Spieler

3.1 Sportstipendien

3.2 Jahre

Die Studenten spielen in der Regel vier Spieljahre am College. zehn Spiele von einschließlich September bis November, markiert durch die Feiertage Labor Day und Thanksgiving.

Camp stellte ebenfalls eine vielbeachtete ,,All America”-Auswahlmannschaft zusammen, die z. B. So zählt die BigTen nun elf Teams, wobei im angepassten Logo die 11 trickreich unter dem T eingefügt wurde. Im Jahre 1902 wurde mit dem Rose Bowl in Pasadena die Tradition der Bowl-Spiele an Neujahr begründet. Seit 1998 sorgt eine als Bowl Championship Series (BCS) bezeichnete Absprache dafür, dass in den vier wichtigsten Spielen (Sugar Bowl, Rose Bowl, Fiesta Bowl, Orange Bowl) die Sieger ihrer traditionellen Partner (Pac-12, Big-12, Big-10, SEC, ACC, AAC) plus zwei weitere frei wählbare Mannschaften so verteilt werden, dass eine Entscheidung herbeigeführt wird. November 1869, als die Mannschaften der Universitäten von Rutgers und Princeton in New Brunswick (New Jersey) 6:4 spielten – nach Fußball-ähnlichen Regeln, denn American Football sollte erst noch erfunden werden.

Zur gleichen Zeit war der Football allerdings bereits in einer anderen Krise, denn pro Jahr kamen mehr als ein Dutzend Spieler um, weil sie in Keil-Formationen miteinander verhakt aufeinander einstürmten. Ein Turnier zur Bestimmung eines Meisters wurde nie eingeführt; die ,,National Championship”-Ehren wurden durch Umfragen bei Trainer und Journalisten bestimmt, wobei öfters Uneinigkeit herrschte.

Eine wichtige Unterscheidung ist die zwischen normalen Studenten, die teils hohe Studiengebühren bezahlen müssen und meist nur in den zweiten Mannschaften von Top-Colleges spielen, und denjenigen, denen ein Sportstipendium gewährt wird, womit diese Gebühren entfallen und zudem teils Kost und Logis, Büchergeld usw. Eine weitere Auszeichnung ist der Jim Thorpe Award für den besten Defensive Back, der seit 1986 verliehen wird und nach Jim Thorpe benannt ist.


Eine Verlängerung oder Wiederaufnahme des Studiums ist natürlich möglich. September 2010 im Internet Archive)

Abgerufen von ,,″

Im Jahre 1874 trafen die Mannschaft der Harvard-Universität und das Rugby-Team der kanadischen McGill University aus Montréal aufeinander, in Spielen mit Kompromiss-Regeln. Die Anzahl und Kriterien solcher Stipendien, insbesondere Mindestleistungen in akademischen Fächern, wird von der NCAA festgelegt. Beide Mannschaften wiesen eine makellose 12:0-Bilanz auf und haben am 4. Januar 2006 in der Rose Bowl die Meisterschaft untereinander ausgespielt, da alle anderen Teams 10:1 oder schlechter waren